Question: Thomas is traveling through Germany and stops at a store to use the bathroom. The only problem is he cannot tell which bathroom is for males and which is for females. He finds somebody to ask which is which, but Thomas doesn't speak German. The person he finds can understand English but can only speak and respond in German.
Thomas really has to go to the bathroom, so what two yes or no questions can he ask to figure out which bathroom is which?
Answer: First he asks "Is this the bathroom for men?" (while pointing at one of the bathrooms). Then he asks them if they said whatever they said (ie "Did you say ja?"). No matter what his second response will mean yes. So his second response can be compared to his first to tell if the bathroom he pointed to is correct.
If the second response is different than the first then the bathroom is not the bathroom he wants. If it is the same then it is the bathroom he wants.
Question: There is a farmer who has three sons. Nearing his death, he asked his three sons to find two objects that can fill the room he's in. The one who can deliver will be chosen as his heir. So the oldest son goes to the market to get hay while the middle son go get leaves. The youngest son goes to a shop and buys two things that he put in his pocket. The oldest son's hay only fills half the room, the middle son's leaves fills 2/4 quarters of the room, while the youngest fills the room with his two objects. Question: What are the two objects that the youngest son used to fill the room?
Answer: A match and a candle.