Question: A king is on a cross-sea voyage and as soon as they get off of their boats he spots the most beautiful elephant he has ever seen. He decides to take it home, but first, he wants to know its weight.
The largest scale they brought only goes up to 50 pounds. The king demands that his smartest scholar must come up with a solution or pay the consequences. After several days he finally comes up with an answer.
Answer: Put the elephant in a boat and mark how far down in the water the boat went. Then put a bunch of smaller objects (that weigh less than 50 pounds) in the boat until it is pushed under water the same amount. Add up the weight of all of the small objects and that's the weight of the elephant.
Question: There is a farmer who has three sons. Nearing his death, he asked his three sons to find two objects that can fill the room he's in. The one who can deliver will be chosen as his heir. So the oldest son goes to the market to get hay while the middle son go get leaves. The youngest son goes to a shop and buys two things that he put in his pocket. The oldest son's hay only fills half the room, the middle son's leaves fills 2/4 quarters of the room, while the youngest fills the room with his two objects. Question: What are the two objects that the youngest son used to fill the room?
Answer: A match and a candle.