Question: There are 100 passengers boarding a 100 passenger airplane. When passenger 1 gets onto the plane, he is dissoriented, so he randomly picks a seat. Each of the remaining passengers (2, 3, 4, etc.) get onto the plane and take their seat if it is available or picks one of the remaining seats at random if it is not.
What is the chance that the last passenger (passenger 100) will get his seat?
Answer: There is a 50 percent chance.
When the last passenger gets on seats 2 - 99 will be taken for sure. Each of these passengers would take their seats if they were available, so the only seat remaining at the end would be 1 or 100. So there is a 50 percent chance that passenger 100 would get seat 100.
Question: You have a glass of water that looks about half full. How can you tell, only using the glass of water itself, if the glass is half full or not?
The glass is a right cylinder.
Answer: Tip the glass of water until the water reaches the rim of the glass and if the water lines up perfectly with the bottom rim of the glass, it is half full.
Question: There were 2 doors. Behind the 1 door, is hell and behind the other door, is heaven but you don't know which door will take you to heaven. In front of them, there were 2 brothers, which is guarding the door. One of the brother always lie and the other one always tell the truth. Of course you don't know who is lying and who is not. You only get 1 question to ask one of them to figure out which door leads to heaven. What question you might ask? Remember you only get to ask 1 question. it means that you can't ask one question each of them. that will be 2 questions. You only ask 1 question to any of them and no more. How do you do that?
Answer: Go up to one of the guy and ask this question, " Hello, which door that your brother will point if I ask him which way is the heaven." Then take the other door. Don't enter the door that he was pointing. This question will work for both of them because if you ask this question to the truth guy, he will point the hell because he knows that his brother will point hell and if you asked to the liar, he'll still point hell because he knows that his brother will point to heaven door, so he lied. That's why you take the other door.