Question: You are trying to get your chicken, fox, and wheat to the barn. However, the barn is on the other side of the river. You are on a boat and can only transport one animal or wheat at a time. You must choose carefully not to leave the wrong two together, though. It's either the fox will eat the chicken or the chicken will eat the wheat. How do you take each thing across safely?
Answer: Take the chicken first, then come back and grab the fox. Once you have dropped the fox off, take the chicken back across, and grab the wheat. Then come back and get the chicken. That's how they'll get across safely.
Question: Your father is a scientist who has invented a red pill which, if eaten with 1 blue pill which he has invented, will grant immortality. The night he invents it, he gives you 2 red and 2 blue pills just in case one of them is lost or substandard. He also warns you that an overdose will cause the opposite effect and kill you instead. You put the pills in your pocket and leave his lab for home. On the way home, you are abducted by aliens who blindfold you and throw you into a singularity. At this point, you remember the pills your father gave you. You take them out (you can move and have enough oxygen in space for a short time), but realize that you can't tell the red pill from the blue pill. Even if you take off your blindfold, you can't see anything due to your proximity to the black hole. Given the circumstances, how do you successfully eat 1 red and 1 blue pill and survive?
Answer: Eat half of each pill.