Question: You are playing a game of dodge ball with two other people, John and Tom. You're standing in a triangle and you all take turns throwing at one of the others of your choosing until there is only one person remaining. You have a 30 percent chance of hitting someone you aim at, John has a 50 percent chance, and Tom a 100 percent change (he never misses). If you hit somebody they are out and no longer get a turn.
If the order of throwing is you, John, then Tom; what should you do to have the best chance of winning?
Answer: Miss the first time on purpose.
If you try to hit John and do. Then Tom goes next and he will hit you and you will lose for sure. If you aim at Tom and hit him then John will go for you. If you miss on your first turn John will go for Tom for sure because he is a stronger player. If he hits him then it's just you and John, but you are going first. If he misses him then Tom will hit John and it will be just you and Tom, but again in this case you are going first.
Question: A rich man suddenly dies from a cut on his finger. The next day, two men appeared and claimed to be his long-lost son. They both fit the description in the will and had all the necessary documents. The family attorney proposed a blood test. One man agreed while the other point blank refused. The one who agreed was arrested for fraud at once. The second man was accepted as the heir. Why?
Answer: He was a hemophiliac, like his father, who died from a small cut. The blood test would kill him.
Question: A semi truck weighing exactly 10,000 pounds gets onto a bridge that is 100 miles long. The bridge's weight limit is exactly 10,000 pounds, any more will break the bridge. After going about 80 miles down the bridge a small bird lands on the truck.
Answer: Nothing, after traveling 80 miles the truck will have surely burnt enough fuel to allow the bird to land on the truck without breaking the bridge.