Question: You have been given the task of transporting 3,000 apples 1,000 miles from Appleland to Bananaville. Your truck can carry 1,000 apples at a time. Every time you travel a mile towards Bananaville you must pay a tax of 1 apple but you pay nothing when going in the other direction (towards Appleland).
What is highest number of apples you can get to Bananaville?
Answer: 833 apples.
Step one: First you want to make 3 trips of 1,000 apples 333 miles. You will be left with 2,001 apples and 667 miles to go.
Step two: Next you want to take 2 trips of 1,000 apples 500 miles. You will be left with 1,000 apples and 167 miles to go (you have to leave an apple behind).
Step three: Finally, you travel the last 167 miles with one load of 1,000 apples and are left with 833 apples in Bananaville.
Question: A rich man suddenly dies from a cut on his finger. The next day, two men appeared and claimed to be his long-lost son. They both fit the description in the will and had all the necessary documents. The family attorney proposed a blood test. One man agreed while the other point blank refused. The one who agreed was arrested for fraud at once. The second man was accepted as the heir. Why?
Answer: He was a hemophiliac, like his father, who died from a small cut. The blood test would kill him.