Question: Joe deals himself and his friend John some cards from a deck of cards (not the same amount). If John gives Joe some cards Joe will have 4 times as many cards as John. If Joe gives John the same number of cards he will have 3 times as many cards as John.
How many cards does each man have and how many cards do they trade?
Answer: Joe has 31 cards, John has 9, and they trade 1 card.
Question: When Tommy was 10 years old his sister Suzy was half his age. Now that Tommy is 50 years old how old is his sister Suzy?
Answer: 45 years old. Suzy was 5 when Tommy was 10 so she is 5 years younger.