Question: There is a chain nailed to the wall. The chain is 10 feet long and the center of the chain dips down 5 feet from where each side of the chain is nailed to the wall. How far are the 2 ends of chain from each other?
Answer: Both ends are nailed with the same nail. In order for the 10 foot chain to dip down 5 feet it must dip 5 feet down and 5 feet up, totaling the length of the chain.
Question: Man walks into a store and says to the shop owner: “I will spend $10 in your store if you double the amount of money I now have in my pocket.” Store owner agrees; doubles his money; he spends $10 and leaves. He repeats this at 2 more stores. When he leaves the 3rd store he has $0 dollars. How much money did he have in his pocket when he walked into the first store?
Answer: You have to solve this starting with the last store. This means he walked into the 3rd store with $5, had it doubled to $10 and spent the whole $10. He entered the 3rd store with $5.00. He spent $10, so he had $15 after his money was doubled. $15 / 2= Means he had $7.50 when he entered the 2nd store. He left the 1st store with $7.50. He spent $10 so he had $17.50 after his money was doubled; $17.50 divided by 2. So, he started out with $8.75 when he walked into the first store.