Question: How many people do you need to have the odds be in favor (at least 50% chance) of two people having the same birthday?
Answer: At least 23 people.
For an explanation visit http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Birthday_problem
Question: My first is often at the front door.
My second is found in the cereal family.
My third is what most people want.
My whole is one of the united states.
What am I?
Answer: Matrimony (mat rye money). Which is certainly a united state!
John has some chickens that have been laying him plenty of eggs. He wants to give away his eggs to several of his friends, but he wants to give them all the same number of eggs. He figures out that he needs to give 7 of his friends eggs for them to get the same amount, otherwise there is 1 extra egg left.
What is the least number of eggs he needs for this to be true?
Answer: 301 eggs. The number of eggs must be one more than a number that is divisible by 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 since each of these numbers leave a remainder of 1. For this to be true one less than the number must be divisible by 5, 4, and 3 (6 is 2*3 and 2 is a factor of 4 so they will automatically be a factor). 5 * 4 * 3 = 60. Then you just must find a multiple of 60 such that 60 * n + 1 is divisible by 7. 61 / 7, 121 / 7, 181 / 7, 241 / 7 all leave remainders but 301 / 7 doesn't.
Question: You have been given the task of transporting 3,000 apples 1,000 miles from Appleland to Bananaville. Your truck can carry 1,000 apples at a time. Every time you travel a mile towards Bananaville you must pay a tax of 1 apple but you pay nothing when going in the other direction (towards Appleland).
What is highest number of apples you can get to Bananaville?
Answer: 833 apples.
Step one: First you want to make 3 trips of 1,000 apples 333 miles. You will be left with 2,001 apples and 667 miles to go.
Step two: Next you want to take 2 trips of 1,000 apples 500 miles. You will be left with 1,000 apples and 167 miles to go (you have to leave an apple behind).
Step three: Finally, you travel the last 167 miles with one load of 1,000 apples and are left with 833 apples in Bananaville.
Question: The warden of a circular jail is extremely hyper one day so he begins running around opening cells. The jail has 100 cells numbered from 1 to 100. He runs in a circle and opens all of the cells. Next he runs around and closes every 2nd cell (starting with cell 2, 4, 6 , etc.). If a cell is open he closes it and if a cell is closed he opens it. When he finishes running by all 100 cells he opens/closes every 3rd cell (starting with 3, 6, 9, 12 etc.), then every 4th cell (starting with 4, 8, 12, etc.) and so on. He does this until he goes around and only changes the 100th cell.
When he is done what cells will be open?
Answer: The cells 1, 4, 9, 16, 25, 36, 49, 64, 81, and 100 will be open. Only the cells that have two of the same factors (4 = 2 * 2) will be open because they are opened and closed the same number of times (except 1 which is just opened). Since they have the same factor twice their number of factors is odd.
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