Question: You have been poisoned by an evil scientist. He told you that the only antidote is the saliva of a gecko. He contains saliva of six different animals. A gecko, a lizard, a koala, a tapir, a giraffe, and a cow. He hasn’t labeled he test tubes containing the saliva f the animals. On the left is a table which four of the test tubes are one. On the right is a table which two of the test tubes are on. The lizards saliva is poisonous. The lizard and gecko test tubes are on the same table. The test tubes on the left are labelled 1, 2, 3, and 4. The gecko spit will not override the lizard poison. The lizard and gecko saliva are not right beside each other. You don't know where the cow test tube is. You know that the cow saliva is in 2 or 3 however. You know that the lizard test tube is not to the right of the cow. You only have time to drink two test tubes, which side do you run toward and which test tubes do you drink?
Answer: You go to the left side and drink 4 and 3. You don't go to the right because there are only two test tubes on the right, and the lizard poison overrides the antidote to the other poison. The cow is in 2, which means that the lizard is in either 1 or 4, if the cow is 2 that means that the gecko is in 1, 2, or 3. We have deducted that the lizard is 1 or 4, lizard and gecko can't be beside each other and we know that the cow is in 2, which makes it impossible for the lizard saliva to be 3 or 4. Using that we can conclude the lizard is in 1. We use three and four because the gecko, through deduction, is in 3 or 4.
Question: Your father is a scientist who has invented a red pill which, if eaten with 1 blue pill which he has invented, will grant immortality. The night he invents it, he gives you 2 red and 2 blue pills just in case one of them is lost or substandard. He also warns you that an overdose will cause the opposite effect and kill you instead. You put the pills in your pocket and leave his lab for home. On the way home, you are abducted by aliens who blindfold you and throw you into a singularity. At this point, you remember the pills your father gave you. You take them out (you can move and have enough oxygen in space for a short time), but realize that you can't tell the red pill from the blue pill. Even if you take off your blindfold, you can't see anything due to your proximity to the black hole. Given the circumstances, how do you successfully eat 1 red and 1 blue pill and survive?
Answer: Eat half of each pill.
Question: Your friend tells you about a story he once tried to impress a young lady with, but instead got a slap in the face. He wants you to attempt to see the flaw: It was a hot and windless day, in our bunker, when suddenly one of ours yelled: "Enemy!" We opened fire on them, leaving one hundred of them dead before they retreated. I was checking a dead captain's glasses when the shout came that they were incoming again, and the CO ordered us to open up on them with our mortars, when I yelled: "Cease fire! They're Americans!" Later, an American colonel thanked me for my work after I said that I saw their flag, waving back and forth in the wind. What is wrong with this story?
Answer: At the beginning, it was said that "It was a hot and windless day," yet at the end, it is said that "The flag was waving back and forth". Had it been windless, the flag would have been limp.