Question: Man walks into a store and says to the shop owner: “I will spend $10 in your store if you double the amount of money I now have in my pocket.” Store owner agrees; doubles his money; he spends $10 and leaves. He repeats this at 2 more stores. When he leaves the 3rd store he has $0 dollars. How much money did he have in his pocket when he walked into the first store?
Answer: You have to solve this starting with the last store. This means he walked into the 3rd store with $5, had it doubled to $10 and spent the whole $10. He entered the 3rd store with $5.00. He spent $10, so he had $15 after his money was doubled. $15 / 2= Means he had $7.50 when he entered the 2nd store. He left the 1st store with $7.50. He spent $10 so he had $17.50 after his money was doubled; $17.50 divided by 2. So, he started out with $8.75 when he walked into the first store.
Question: There is a 5 gallon and a 3 gallon box. You also have a hose with unlimited water. How are you gonna make the 5 gallon have 4 gallons using your items? (You do not know the exact measure measurements of a gallon)
Answer: You fill the five gallon up and pour it into the 3 gallon. The dump the 3 gallon out and pour what was left in the 5 gallon into the 3 gallon so that you have 2 gallons in the 3 gallon. Then fill the 5 gallon up and pour it into the 3 gallon to fill it up. Now you have 4 gallons in the 5 gallons.
Question: You have a glass of water that looks about half full. How can you tell, only using the glass of water itself, if the glass is half full or not?
The glass is a right cylinder.
Answer: Tip the glass of water until the water reaches the rim of the glass and if the water lines up perfectly with the bottom rim of the glass, it is half full.