Question: A man is trapped in a room. In the room their is a table, chair, 2 doors, and a small hole in the ceiling 12 inches in diameter. Behind one of the doors is an extremely hungry lion that hasn't eaten in a couple of days. Behind the other door is a glass tunnel that magnifies the sun creating temperatures so high that even opening the door could kill you.
How does the man escape?
Answer: He waits until it is night (he can tell through the hole in the ceiling) then leaves through the glass tunnel.
Question: You work at a factory that produces dumbbell weights for lifting. One of the 10 machines has been producing weights that are always 1 pound less than the rest of the machines. You have a large scale used to weigh the weights for quality control. How could you find the defective machine by using the scale only once? You are allowed to make as many weights with the machines as you please.
Answer: From each machine you make a different number of weights and however many pounds the scale is off from what it should be corresponds to the machine that made that many weights.
From machine 1 you make 1 weight, machine 2 you make 2 weights...
If the machine is off by 1 pound you know it was machine 1 that was off.
Question: Everyday a peasant must pay the king one pound of gold and leave it on a collection plate in front of his house. Every morning a guard comes by to make sure he has put a pound of gold on the plate. The king collects the gold every six days from the plate. If the peasant only has one six pound block of gold, how can he make only two parallel cuts and still follow the kings rules each day?
Answer: He can cut one pound off and two pounds off. This would leave a one pound, two pound, and three pound block. On the first day he leaves the one pound block. On the second day he leaves the two pound block. On the third day he leaves the three pound block. On the fourth day he leaves the three pound and one pound blocks. On the fifth day he leaves the three pound and two pound blocks. On the last day he leaves all of them.
Question: A man is found dead on a Sunday morning. His wife calls the police immediately. The police question the wife and staff. The wife said she was asleep, the cook said he was cooking breakfast, the gardener said she was picking vegetables, the butler said he was cleaning the closet, and the maid said she was getting the post. The police immediately arrested the murderer.Who was the murderer?
Answer: The maid because there's no post on Sundays.
Question: The London Racetrack needs to submit its 3 fastest horses to the Kentucky Derby out of 25 horses. However, all of their information was lost and they don't know any of the horse's times. Similarly, they all look identical so they can't remember who's fastest.
They can only race 5 horses at once, so what is the fewest number of races they can conduct to find the 3 fastest horses?
Answer: 7 races are required.
First you divide the 25 horses into 5 groups of 5. You conduct the 5 races and take all of the fastest horses in those races and have a race with them, giving you the fastest horse. Then you take the remaining 24 horses (excluding the fastest) and remove the 4th and 5th horses in the first set of 5 races (since they definitely have 3 horses faster than them), leaving you with 14 horses. Next you can remove all of the horses that were beat in the preliminary race by the horses that got 4th and 5th in the championship race, leaving you with 8 horses. Finally, you can remove the horses that remain that lost to the 3rd place horse in the final race in the preliminary race and the horse that got 3rd in the preliminary to the horse that got 2nd in the championship race, leaving you with 5 horses.
You can then run a final race where the 1st and 2nd place horses are the 2nd and 3rd fastest. Then you know the 3 fastest horses.
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