Question: You were asked to label the light switches for your company. You are in a room, with unlabeled light switches. There are 3 of them, and there are 3 lightbulbs in the next room. You can not travel back and forth. How do you successfully label the lightbulbs???
Answer: You turn on the first 2 switches, and wait for 5 minutes. Turn off the second switch. Go into the next room. The light that is on is the first switch, the light that is warm is the 2nd switch, and the light that is off and cold is the 3rd.
Question: Your father is a scientist who has invented a red pill which, if eaten with 1 blue pill which he has invented, will grant immortality. The night he invents it, he gives you 2 red and 2 blue pills just in case one of them is lost or substandard. He also warns you that an overdose will cause the opposite effect and kill you instead. You put the pills in your pocket and leave his lab for home. On the way home, you are abducted by aliens who blindfold you and throw you into a singularity. At this point, you remember the pills your father gave you. You take them out (you can move and have enough oxygen in space for a short time), but realize that you can't tell the red pill from the blue pill. Even if you take off your blindfold, you can't see anything due to your proximity to the black hole. Given the circumstances, how do you successfully eat 1 red and 1 blue pill and survive?
Answer: Eat half of each pill.